Conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions

The coordinating conjunctions are:
en – and
dus – thus, so
maar – but
of – or
want – because, for

The coordinating conjunctions join two clauses (“sentences”) of equal importance:
De hond speelt en de kat slaapt. – The dog is playing and the cat is sleeping.
Rijd je mee of blijf je thuis? – Are you taking a ride with us or are you staying home?
Ik hoor je niet want de muziek is zo luid. – I can’t hear you because the music is so loud.


Subordinating conjunctions

The subordinating conjunctions are:
dat – that
nadat – after
omdat – because (unlike want, it is used to answer the question “why”).
totdat – until
voordat – before
hoewel – although
nu – now that
of – whether
terwijl – while
zoals – as
als – if, when
wanneer – whenever, when
toen – when (points to an event in the past. Used with past simple and past perfect only)

1. als and waneer are used to refer to something what has yet to happen:
als zij komt… = wanneer zij komt… (when she comes …)

2. als and waneer are used to refer to something what happens repeatedly:
als de zon schijnt, voel ik me gelukkig = wanneer de zon schijnt, voel ik me gelukkig (When/whenever the sun shines I feel happy).

Advertisements

One thought on “Conjunctions

  1. Pingback: Omdat vs. Want | ::Keep in Dutch::

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s