Word order in a Dutch sentence.

1. The main verb must always be the second item in a sentence.
2. The position of the subject may vary. It might be the first or the third.
3. The rest of the items always follow this order: time, manner, place. So the time of the even is specified, then the manner of the event (i.e. in what way something is done) and the last item specifies the place or destination.

De jongen gaat vanavond met de trein naar Amsterdam.

item number 1 2 3 4 5
item description subject main verb time manner place
sentence De jongen gaat vanavond met de trein naar Amsterdam

It is possible to start a sentence with items other than the subject. For example, with an expression of time:

Vanavond gaat de jongen met de trein naar Amsterdam.

item number 1 2 3 4 5
item description time main verb subject manner place
sentence Vanavond gaat de jongen met de trein naar Amsterdam

Notice that even though de jongen is now item 3,
the overall order of time, manner, place remains.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s